Assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behaviour and “negative” emotions.
CBT is a structured, short-term, present-oriented therapy for psychological symptoms directed toward solving life problems by teaching people the interconnection between their thoughts, feelings and behaviours. It is based on both cognitive and behavioral principles, and proven effective in the treatment of common psychological disorders, e.g. depression and anxiety.
Solution Focused Therapy (SFT)
A shorter method that focuses on shifting patients into an action-oriented mindset instead of problem focused.
Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Teaches patients mindfulness skills to deal with painful thoughts and feelings more effectively. ACT also attempts to better connects patients with their value systems and inner self.
Interpersonal Therapy (IT)
Attempts to minimise psychological distress by improving communication patterns and how people relate to others. This is done by focusing on emotions.
Person-centred/Rogerian Therapy (PCT)
Focuses on creating a therapeutic environment where patients do not feel under threat/judgment and therefore learn to accept more of who they are as a person, and reconnect with their own values and sense of self-worth.
Psychodynamic/Insight Oriented Therapy (IOT)
Focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifest in present behaviour. The goals of psychodynamic therapy are a client’s self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behaviour
Transpersonal Therapy (TT)
Involves encouraging patients to discover the deep core of who they are (the real person that transcends beyond body, age, gender, physical space, culture, appearance etc.). It involves building and expanding on a patients qualities, their spirituality and self-development.
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